Math is Everywhere for Everyone!

Welcome to our inclusion strategies math page. Within you will find a vast array of resources to help guide and inform you on how to differentiate instruction to best serve the needs of all your students. We are Linda, Lorie, Cathy, Abby and Adele; and we wish to find ways to help all students, special needs or not, to learn critical math skills. Enjoy!

Chapter 14: Mathematics

Abby Kaylor's Contributions:

Week 1-

~ This site provides a wealth of strategies in mathematics for students who have disabilities. This includes everything from ADD to Learning Disorders to Behavioral Disorders and more. This is a very broad site that includes strategies, organizations, resources, books and videos.**Inclusion**.ppt

~ This PowerPoint provides a large overview of inclusion. It provides a great description of what inclusion is and what it should and shouldn't look like in the classroom. It explains the basics of instructional planning, differentiation, and how to apply these things in the classroom. Accommodations and modifications are presented in a way that allows teachers and soon-to-be-teachers an easy and applicable way of approaching inclusion in the classroom.

~ This video is AMAZING!!! A inclusive school from the US has paired with an inclusive school in Africa. This video documents the teachers from America going to Africa to visit the classroom. It shows all the different ways that the school in Africa is inclusive, including manipulatives, different types of therapies, lots of visuals on the walls, etc. Great great video!!

Week 2-

~This article is a great resource for teachers looking for specific strategies to use with students in math. It offers ideas specifically for students who struggle with reading and have difficulties comprehending math because of this. It offers suggestions of creating math dictionaries, reciprocal teaching and more! *Abby 6/29*

~This video may be a little unrelated, however I found it to be VERY important and inclusive for ALL students. It somewhat scolds our current educational system for not reaching our students through the use of technology (computer, internet, ipods, and cell phones). It explains, somewhat dramatically, how technically involved our students are, and gives many useful ideas for incorporating these technologies into every classroom, lesson, etc. in order to reach every child. It also give some great, and somewhat astounding facts on just how much our students are 'plugged in'. The best part, however, is the ideas the video gives for using technology to reach all students! *Abby 6/29*

~This video gives practical, applicable ideas for math in the inclusive classroom. It gives visual representations of the math "rules" that kids need to learn in order to do math. It shows a "function machine" that allows students to have a great visual for these rules. Great tool to use in the classroom! *Abby 6/29*

Week 3-

~This is a website that is really for teachers, districts, and educators. It gives great ideas on building an inclusive classroom community, but is mostly a website designed to sell inclusive math curriculum. The reason I liked it, however, is that it gives a ton of sample lessons, and ideas of how to implement them in the classroom. They also have teacher trainings on inclusionary math strategies that teachers could attend, if they wanted to! *Abby 7/4*

~This article was written about ten years ago about English Language Learners in the Northwest (guess what, thats where we live!) It gives great ideas about teaching math and science to ELLs, how to go about it, when to use English and when to allow students to learn in their native language. This article is long, but a great read, especially because it is so applicable to us all!!! *Abby 7/4*

This site is the National Library of Virtual Manipulatives. It has everything from being able to build graphs and charts, to games related to algebra and geometry and more. It is a great site for all kiddos, but is especially great for those who need visual relationships and manipulatives in order to support their math. Plus, what child today doesn't love to get on a computer!!! *Abby 7/4*

Week 4-

~This is a great fractions song that could be used in any upper elementary or middle school class where fractions are being taught. I have found that helping students memorize the rules for fractions can be a tedious process, however with a catchy little tune like this, they may never get these rules out of their heads again! I love little tricks like this, because they offer a visual and an auditory solution for all students, and it is repetitious. Plus, teachers could use it over and over throughout the unit on fractions, which would really embed it into the students' heads. *Abby 7/13*

~This video shows the new applications being made for the iphones in regards to math education. This video specifically shows math for first grade, but I have included a link to the website that gives descriptions for the applications available for the iphones and ipod touches for kinder through fifth grade, plus money and time math. These are great resources for kiddos who have autism, who are visual learners, or who are simply technologically driven. I know that most schools at this point do not have this technology; however some kids have access to this technology at home, so I still think these are great resources! *Abby 7/13*

Motivating Students from Gary Stager on Vimeo.

~This video is just a small blurb from a conference done by Alfie Kohn on motivating students. He gives some great ideas on how to arrange the classroom and things to do in order to motivate kids. *Abby 7/13*

Adele Mestas' Contributions:

Week 1-

~This PBS based program is great, kids eat it up. The corresponding PBS teachers guide found at includes many inclusive lesson plans & guides which are hands on with differing levels of participation so all students no matter what math level or physical ability level can participate fully in the project. All input is crucial to the outcome so every student feels important and participates and learns from the activity. Also there is a parent guide with corresponding activities that students can do at home. (Adele)
~This site actually covers a chapter in the “Collaborative Teaching“ text, Special Education for inclusive classrooms. It is a bit tedious in the beginning but has great ideas that are broken down step by step. I found the ‘Assistive Devises’ and the ‘Teacher controlled Variable’ sections very helpful. (Adele)

~This site provided by the Schultz Center for Teaching and leadership has video clips that show teachers differing math concept strategies to help students who struggle with the general math steps taught in the majority of classrooms today. For a quick example of a varied math concept take a quick look at the “left to Right Addition Strategy”. This concept leaves out the often confusing step of carrying numbers to another column. Once the students have mastered this form of addition they may then be introduced to carrying. This is just one of the many concepts demonstrated to help struggling math students. Not all of our brains work the same. =0) (Adele)

Week 2-

~I found this CNN "House Calls" excerpt after completing my community based learning project. I wanted to know more about Hippotherapy and its effects. It is proving especially helpful with Autistic children. This video is one man’s personal experience, the treatment was so beneficial to his son that a movie and a book have been written in favor of using this form of therapy. The very end of the video is especially interesting as it details the explicit functions that have been scientifically proven to help children through the use of equine therapy. (Adele)

~This is actually more for high school students but is a great interactive/techno based web site that basically is a pool for "how-to" web sites for kids to help them "do" math problems, just read about them, and watch demonstrations, they actually do the math with step by step prompts. Where was all of this when I was taking math!!???? (Adele)

~I found this article interesting because it is not in favor of Inclusion for Deaf students; it is very opposed and is written by parents and teachers of deaf students, and deaf students themselves. It is very enlightening to see another side of the issue and why possibly, in some situations, inclusion is not always the best situation for a student with special needs. (Adele)

Week 3-

~This is a great brief 11 step guide to help teachers incorporate diversity into their elementary classroom. Quick to read with great ideas to open and expand children's minds. Enjoy. (Adele M. 7/05/11)

~Ok, I haven't added a "feel good" video yet and this one was GREAT! So please take a few moments to watch this video read the message that is actually from the U.K. in regards to their "Red Kite" learning program based on helping students succeed with job skills and placement training. Gotta love an English accent. Enjoy
(Adele M. 7-05-11)

~This is a great video that covers the basics of special education inclusion in not only the classroom but the whole school as well. It is narrated by the school principle who believes that inclusion benefits all students. Enjoy (Adele Mestas 7-5-11)

Week 4-

This is a segment from one of the greatest motivational movies of all time!! A movie that would be great to show to your entire class, in upper elementary, middle and high school. I am actually adding this blip as a motivational piece for my next piece on motivating students. We can't forget that teachers need motivation just as much as our students do!

Some students seem naturally enthusiastic about learning, but many need-or expect-their instructors to inspire, challenge, and stimulate them: "Effective learning in the classroom depends on the teacher's ability ... to maintain the interest that brought students to the course in the first place" (Ericksen, 1978, p. 3). Whatever level of motivation your students bring to the classroom will be transformed, for better or worse, by what happens in that classroom. So read this, absorb this, and help stimulate and motivate your students!

This project was created to inspire teachers to use technology in engaging ways to help students develop higher level thinking skills. Equally important, it serves to motivate district level leaders to provide teachers with the tools and training to do so. I think this video ties both motivation and technology together and brings our current clash with technology and the classroom into perspective. This is an issue that we as educators cannot ignore.

Catherine Russell's Contributions:

Week 1-

~This video uses a Billy Joel song to demonstrate the traits of inclusion for the classroom.

~Subtracting with pirates, a fun song to use as a math tool that demonstrates subtraction and its terms. Students will learn how to subtract by learning a catchy song.

~This is a video that models a book that uses poetry and numbers to demonstrate addition. It is a great early elementary resource to integrate literacy with mathematics through visual and audio learning.

Week 2-

~This math song explains how I felt about math. Well maybe I should reword that, it explains how I still feel about math. What I liked about this song is that it included students that have other talents instead of math. Working in a math classroom last year there were students who struggled in math, but they had other talents such as music and writing. For them to be able to share these talents in a creative way about a math subject would boost their morale and demonstrate their strengths. I could see where this would be a great tool where students could create a song or poem that would help them to become familiar with a concept and in turn help them to feel more comfortable with math. (Catherine Russell, June 23, 2011)

Five actions for the Inclusive Classroom

~Teachers identified five actions that are critical to teaching meaningful mathematics to students with disabilities in inclusive settings. These actions are:
  • Build an inclusive mathematics community based on learning standards-based mathematics
  • Make the mathematics explicit
  • Expect and support students to work independently and take responsibility
  • Link assessment and teaching
  • Promote collaboration between special education and classroom teachers ~Catherine (June 28, 2011)

Motivation for Mathematics Students

~While searching and trying to find information about inclusion in the math class I found this site, "Methods to motivate mathematics students." One of the biggest challenges that I have seen in inclusive math classes was the ability to keep the students engaged in learning. This site has great ideas and also links to reference sites that continue the information process. This site contains a vast amount of subject strategies for the educator and parent.~ Catherine (June 28, 2011)

Week 3-

Math inclusion

~Council for Exceptional Children the Voice and Vision of Special Education:
This article explains the changes that education is making for inclusion. The future teachers may need to rethink their entire approach to teaching mathematics placing more emphasis on understanding the basic principles of mathematics, and making the subject accessible and meaningful to students. (Catherine. June 29, 2011)

Difficulties with Mathematics

~Math disabilities can arise at nearly any stage of a child's development. While very little is known about their causes many experts attribute them to deficits in one or more of five different skill types.
Deficits in…..output, organizational, language, visual spatial or ordering, multiple tasks. These deficits alone or together can impact the student’s progress in mathematics. This site has videos that help you to understand what it feels like to have a deficit.(Catherine. June, 29, 2011)

~While looking through youtube to find something that a class could do to memorize and learn math I found a great video done by a math class. Having students learn the terms for math a producing a song would be a great benefit to all. (Catherine, June 29, 2011)

Week 4-

~Disabilities, Teaching Strategies and Resources. This site includes accommodations and inclusion strategies for students with disabilities. It contains eight types of disabilities and over 600 teaching strategies.~ Catherine Russell

~Special Education students use fantasy sports to learn math strategies. I feel that you use what works and what interests the students.~ Catherine Russell

~Everybody needs to have a chance to smile. This is one cute video. I have noticed throughout my research that there is a lot of extra credit work that is being done in the form of music videos. ~ Catherine Russell

Linda Weatherford's Contributions:

Week 1-

~This is a great video that models effective team teaching and some Math and English inclusion strategies. The teachers incorporate math into daily activities, and integrate a lot of movement, dance and song into their routines. This video is practical and can be generalized into all educational environments.

~FUN, FUN, FUN! Every student in the 21st century likes to use technology and games in their learning. It allows teachers to supplement routines with interactive activities and practice. This website has a tone of math games, visual problems, manipulatives, games, real life applications, worksheets, and tons of printables!

~ If one is looking for a clear jumping off point or summary of math disabilities, this website was a quick read but quite relevant. It identifies a specific math disability (dyscalculia) and also provides a brief overview of some inclusion strategies that can be implemented with or without an IEP.

Week 2-

~This video demonstrates the line method for multiplication. This looks like a great strategy for visual learners, or children who like to doodle while they work. This method is unlike anything traditionally taught in schools, but for those who have failed at these traditional methods I think this is great!!! (L.A.W. 6/25/2011)

~As I was reading about Visual Impairments, I was curious what accommodations in mathematics would look like. How can you teach a person who is blind critical math concepts? This video focuses on a program implemented in the Philippines to educate the blind, and it includes a few student reviews. Throughout the video, you can see several methods and tools used to teach number and geometry concepts to those who have visual impairments. (L.A.W. 6/25/2011)

~This is a cool site I came across as I was looking for resources to use project based learning (PBL) in mathematics. The content on this website is more aimed at high school, and it has some great ideas using Google Earth and real-world connections. PBL is a great strategy for all learners as it is a collaboration of skills to complete a common goal. This will allow support for those who need it, and the freedom to delve deeper for those who are able to. Any time we make things relevant, life-long learning has a chance to occur. (L.A.W. 6/25/2011)

Week 3-

~This is a cool site I found that offers some limited resources, but plenty of information, about using geographic information systems (i.e. weather, GPS) to bring mathematics to a higher level of relevancy while incorporating geography and science skills. Students use maps to record data, work word problems, and make predictions. (L.A.W. 7/05/11)

~This is a neat site from Edutopia that explains and provides insight as to how one can use project-based learning to learn mathematics skills in a highly relevant way. They provide a few sample examples, and they have some really great links to other PBL based information. (L.A.W. 7/05/11)

~WOW! This is a site dedicated to teacher Mathematics for English Language Learners. It has many useful resources, but I especially love the printout of 90 common math terms with Spanish translation (including pronunciation!). The site has videos, and it is designed and hosted by Texas State University. (L.A.W. 7/05/11)

Week 4-

~I found this page with links to several various disability action and advocacy groups in Southern Oregon. Great resource to refer to when we need to find help!

~I liked this slideshow because it actually clarifies the roles and responsibilities of the paraprofessional in the classroom. It serves to inform future teachers of what to expect, and how to work with them in their own classrooms.

~This is a wonderful idea to encourage family involvement in the mathematics subject. This is such an anxiety ridden area that any little thing we can do to help parents support their kids throughout all areas of academics can only serve to strengthen their efficacy.

Lorie Rainey's Contributions:

Week 1-

~This is a great site. It has many articles that give tips and strategies for teaching students with special needs. It goes through some of the different learning issues that you may encounter as a teacher and gives strategies for working with each student's needs. ~Lorie

~Explore their library of fun online activities that help to make math come alive in the classroom.

~Here is a link to a short article about the video posted below. This school has integrated mathematics into every area of the curriculum. They make math relevant and fun. ~Lorie

Week 2-

~This is a great site with mathematics instructional strategies. It also has classroom management strategies, cooperative learning, and differentiation. ~Lorie

~This is a wonderful site from The Access Center , which is funded by the US Department of Education. It is filled with articles, links, presentations, and webinars all designed for teachers to obtain helpful math resources relating to students with disabilities. The title of the webinar is "Making Mathematics Meaningful for Students with Learning Problems: Powerful Teaching Strategies that Work". That is just one of the many great resources on this link. Another information brief is titled "Learner Accommodations and Instructional Modifications for Students with Learning Disabilities". Great site!!! ~Lorie

~There are several articles that discuss the cognitive strategy instruction used to teach students with special needs on this site from the University of Nebraska . Each article discusses a different method and strategy for teaching mathematics. ~Lorie

Week 3-

~This is the website for the National Council for Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM). There are lots of resources, lessons, tips, etc for teaching mathematics. this link will go to tips for differentiating learning. there is a lot of great information for teaching mathematics here. ~Lorie 7/4

~Click on the grade level or subject area and find teacher-created units and lesson plans. ~Lorie 7/4

~ Lots of great articles about teaching mathematics. More than a dozen articles and resources for teachers of mathematics. On this site you can click on the subject-specific bars and find articles and resources for teaching other subjects as well. Lots of great strategies!

Week 4-

~This is the fantastic site from class. I love this site. It is loaded with great resources for math, science, test preparation, etc.

~National Association of Special Education Teachers (NASET): The Practical Teacher

"Teachers can feel overwhelmed when faced with students who are unmotivated to learn. The task becomes less daunting, though, when teachers realize that they can boost student motivation in five important ways: by (1) making positive changes to the learning environment, (2) fostering a sense of community in the classroom, (3) enhancing the interest of classroom activities, (4) responding to individual learning challenges, and (5) building in additional outcomes/pay-offs for learning. This issue of The Practical Teacher contains a number of ideas for Finding the Spark."

~This site has numerous links to so many different resources. On the link that says "fun sites for kids", there are links to game sites and virtual field trip sites like museums etc. There are lots of links to explore.